Professor Radhika Nagpal is a computer scientist specializing in self-organising computer systems. At the intersection of robotics and biology, she applies principles from phenomena such as the organization of cells and the behaviour of social insects in order to design robotics that can better adapt to their environmental surroundings.
Dr Virginia Apgar was a leading American anaesthesiologist best known for devising the Apgar score – the first standardised measure for assessing the health of newborn babies.
Professor Daniela Rus is a Romanian-American roboticist, Professor of Electrical Engineering, and Director of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (CSAIL), where she is the first woman to hold the position of directorship.
Fifty years ago, Dorothy Hodgkin secured the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her pioneering use of X-ray techniques to uncover the molecular structures of vitamin B12 and penicillin. She remains the only British woman in history to have achieved one of the scientific Nobel prizes.
At the age of five, Dame Stephanie ‘Steve’ Shirley was forced to flee Nazi Germany to escape certain death. As an unaccompanied Kindertransport refugee, she faced many barriers in her education, but nonetheless went on to become the world’s first freelance programmer.
Mae Jemison is a physician, businesswoman, and former astronaut. As a participant of NASA’s Space Shuttle program, she became the first black woman to travel into space in 1992.
Amoret Whitaker is one of only a handful of forensic entomologists working in the UK. With her intricate understanding of the life cycle of insects that feed on decomposing material, she is regularly called upon to apply science to help solve crimes.